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Action Plan:  Habitats
Ponds, Lakes and Canals
  • To maintain the nature conservation value of existing ponds, lakes and their catchment areas through favourable management.
  • Increase the number of open water bodies with nature conservation potential within the county.
  • Aim to establish favourable conservation management on all good examples by 2010.
  • Create 200 new non-recreational (not stocked with fish) ponds on land of low conservation value by 2010.
  • Restore 200 non-recreational ponds on land of low conservation value by 2010.
  • Create 80 hectares of shallow, sinuous pools in four blocks of c.20ha in gravel pits. These should also include numerous small islands for breeding and wintering wildfowl. 
  • Restore one farm pond per Parish by 2010. 
  • Seek to achieve all appropriate biodiversity targets in the British Waterways Action Plan within the County.
Total achievements to date (November 1998 - March 2001)
  • Five lakes have been created (various sources).
  • Over eighty ponds have been created in the County by various organisations.
  • Ten balancing pools of unknown quality to wildlife have been created throughout the County (data from the Environment Agency).
  • Seventeen ponds have been restored through the Countryside Stewardship Scheme.
Current Action
Protection and Policy
  • A number of canals, lakes and pools have been notified as SSSIs.
  • A number of sites have been classified as grade 1 SBIs.
  • Law protects species such as great crested newts. This protection includes their surrounding habitat.
  • Pond and lake creation / restoration is targeted in various LEAPS which operate within the County.
  • Standing Eutrophic Water has been listed as a costed, key habitat in the UK Steering Group Report.
Management, Research and Survey
  • A number of SSSIs, Local Nature Reserves and other nature reserves are actively managed.
  • DEFRA’s Countryside Stewardship Scheme includes an option for pond management.
  • The County Council have produced a pond pack to help creation and management of ponds and FWAG produces an advisory booklet for landowners that include a section on ponds.
  • British Waterways has completed a full survey of all canals in the county with a management plan produced.
  • Inventory of ponds for Staffordshire Moorlands completed by Staffordshire Wildlife Trust. 
  • A 'Restoring Power to the Wetlands' project (managed by Staffordshire Wildlife Trust and funded by Powergen) operates in the east of Staffordshire.
Action Plan

UK Lead Organisation:
Environment Agency [Eutrophic Standing Waters]

County Lead Organisation:

  • Ensure any examples of standing water bodies that meet the required criteria are given SBI status. (SBI Grading Committee) 
  • Ensure appropriate standing water bodies meeting the SSSI criteria are designated. (EN)
  • Promote the use of Sustainable Drainage Systems in all new development from 2001. (SBAP Partnership)
  • Seek to restore and create further lakes and ponds in appropriate areas. (Mineral Companies, EA, Developers, FoM, TNF and Landowners)
  • Promote best practices in farming and encourage the implementation of Farm Waste Management Plans. (DEFRA)
  • Prepare water level management plans in respect of key sites. (EA)
  • Encourage landowners to construct and sympathetically manage new pools by using agri-environment schemes such as Countryside Stewardship. (DEFRA, FWAG, TNF)
  • Development of integrated catchment management plans. (EA)
  • Reduce sheet piling of canals to a minimum. Incorporate mitigation works where necessary and research best mitigation techniques. (BWB)
  • Ensure abstraction procedures do not affect key sites. (EA)
  • Ensure the restoration of gravel pits incorporates priority nature conservation interests. (CRP, Minerals Companies)
Monitoring and Research
  • Identify all key sites and create an inventory of all key standing water sites within the county by 2005. (SBAP Partnership)
  • Seek to monitor the creation, restoration and management of this habitat throughout the County. (SWT)
  • Promote the biodiversity and landscape value of canals, lakes and pools to the public and landowners. (SBAP Partnership, BWB)

Complementary Plans
  • UK Eutrophic Standing Water HAP
  • Staffordshire Reedbed HAP
  • Staffordshire Streams & Rivers HAP
  • Staffordshire Lowland Wet Grassland HAP
  • Staffordshire Water Vole SAP
  • Staffordshire Floating Water-plantain SAP
  • Staffordshire Grass Wrack Pondweed SAP 
  • Staffordshire Great Crested Newt SAP 
  • Staffordshire Grass Snake SAP
  • Staffordshire Natterjack Toad SAP
  • Staffordshire White-clawed Crayfish SAP
  • Staffordshire Pipistrelle Bat SAP
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