The Biodiversity Convention
In June 1992, the Earth Summit was held in Rio de Janeiro. Over 150 countries including the United Kingdom signed the Convention on Biological Diversity. The main aim of the Convention is essentially a commitment to conserving and sustaining global biodiversity.
The UK Biodiversity Action Plan
As part of its response to the 1992 Rio Earth Summit, the government established a Biodiversity Steering Group in 1994. Biodiversity: The UK Steering Group Report was published in 1995 and set out national biodiversity objectives.
This report recommended that the best way forward was to produce local Biodiversity Action Plans (local BAPs) in order to compliment the UK BAP
. Since this initial report, a further six volumes of 'Tranche 2' have now been published, these now detail over 400 species action plans and 40 habitat action plans.